Scepticism is the denial of knowledge. It can be held globally, as a denial that anyone (or anyone apart from God) knows anything at all, or locally, concerning a particular subject matter, such as the existence of God. Scepticism does not imply non-realism; the sceptic concerning God does not have to affirm that God does not exist. A strong version of scepticism is Pyrrhonian scepticism, which not only denies knowledge but also recommends suspension of belief wherever possible. It is said that Cratylus (fl. c. 400 bce) took this so far that he even refused to use words at all, communicating by wagging his finger. While some Christian philosophers (for example, Pierre Bayle) have been led by sceptical concerns to embrace fideism, most have resisted scepticism not only concerning God but also in other areas, holding that one of the aspects in which humans are made in the image of God is that they have knowledge.
   See fideism
   Further reading: Hester 1992; Penelhum 1983; Popkin 2003

Christian Philosophy . . 2015.

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